PEMBONGKARAN muatan truk terakhir di Bank Sampah Induk Gesit di kawasan Menteng Pulo, Jakarta Selatan, pada Senin, 27 Januari lalu, serba bergegas.
Konsep Circular Economy merupakan hal baru di Indonesia, namun konsep ini layak diterapkan karena banyak manfaat yang dihasilkan.
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Menteri Koordinator Bidang Kemaritiman dan Investasi, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan mengatakan sampah adalah masalah serius bagi Indonesia dan dunia.
Homegrown plastic recycling company PT Tridi Oasis Group is looking to expand its business in the flourishing circular economy, as it received part of a US$6 million investment dedicated to tackling the ocean plastic crisis in South and Southeast Asia. The funding, claimed as the world’s first investment fund dedicated to the cause in the region, was disbursed by Singapore-based Circulate Capital on April 28 and was shared with Indian recycling company Lucro. The investment is part of the Circulate Capital Ocean Fund’s $106 million in dedicated debt and equity financing for circular economy start-ups and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in countries like Indonesia, Thailand and India.
We have a waste problem.
The world threw away around 300 million tons of plastic in 2019, nearly equivalent to the weight of the human population. Scientists expect there could be more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050. One year’s electronic waste weighs in at more than 50 million tons. And while far too many people still go hungry, we waste a third of all the food produced.
Altogether, more than 100 billion tons of resources flow into the economy every year, and more than 60% ends up as waste or greenhouse gas emissions.
While COVID-19 made a significant dent in global consumption, it’s not a clear-cut picture. Clothing sales plummeted, but home office and exercise equipment purchases went up; spending in the hospitality industry went down, but groceries increased. The use of single-use plastics increased significantly, while plummeting oil prices reduced the economic incentive for plastic recycling.
The 2008 recession showed us that any fall in consumption is likely to be temporary without a concerted effort to make longer-term changes.
Grace Desoe, Mathew Perry and Yi Peng
Plastic waste is a significant environmental issue in Indonesia, deeply impacting the whole country. Indonesia is second only to China as the world’s largest contributor to ocean plastic pollution. Four of its rivers – Brantas, Solo, Serayu and Progo – are on a list of the world’s dirtiest rivers, carrying the most waste into our oceans.
A 2016 World Economic Forum report estimated there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish by 2050. Experts agree that a global shift toward a ‘circular economy’ is needed; one that aims to eliminate waste and encourages continual use and re-use of resources.
In September 2018 the Indonesian government announced its plan to be on the front lines of this global shift towards circular models of waste management and to reduce plastic marine debris by 70 percent by 2025.
What is circular economy?
Circular economy aims to keep resources in a closed cycle. As we already know, the natural system already adapts a circular system. Soil nutrients and solar energy grow plants, plant feeds animals, animal dies, decompose, and become soil nutrients. In that perfect world, no waste is generated. However, the linear economy had introduced us with the ‘throw-away’ culture. We extract resources, manufacture products, and eventually dispose them, without thinking too much about how much resources are wasted in landfills.
As a member of the international community, Indonesia needs to play an active role in ensuring global sustainability. The alarming threat of climate change should be a concern for every country. A comprehensive transformation to a circular economy might be the answer to this dire situation. We believe now is really the time for the Indonesian government to start designing a comprehensive policy reform that changes its economic approach, from linear to circular. It must strategically think about ensuring that this policy is built on a circular economy and work together with related stakeholders for its successful implementation.
The concept of a circular economy focuses on redesigning waste to create other valuable goods to use; replacing the concept of take-make-waste (linear economy), so that the economy eventually produces zero waste. According to management consulting firm McKinsey, the circular economy represents a net materials cost savings opportunity of US$340 to US$380 billion in the European Union’s (EU) automotive and other transport sectors. In the fast-moving consumer goods sector, material savings could represent as much as 20 percent of materials input costs incurred by the consumer goods industry at the global level or equal to approximately US$700 billion or 1.1 percent of global gross domestic product (GDP).
Jakarta, February, 24th 2020 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), in partnership with the Ministry of National Development Planning (Bappenas), with support from the Government of Denmark launched today a new initiative to support the development of Indonesia’s first national strategy on circular economy, a new economic model that can further boost growth, create new jobs and address climate change at the same time.
As an effort to eradicate marine waste once and for all, the government has rolled out its latest action plan for authorities, businesses and communities to prevent plastic waste from ending up in the ocean by 2025.
Critics, however, doubt the latest plan will contribute to the country’s efforts in reducing marine debris due to poor waste management and reluctance from most companies to avoid single-use plastic products, which have been polluting the sea. The joint action plan, unveiled by Maritime Affairs and Investment Coordinating Minister Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan on April 22, will become a guideline for all stakeholders to prevent plastic pollution from leaking into rivers, lakes and seas.