Denmark has been providing support to improved environmental management in Indonesia since 2005 through the Environmental Support Programme (ESP), which is currently in its third and final phase (ESP3). ESP3 (2013-2018) comprises three components on: i) environmental management; ii) renewable energy and energy efficiency; and iii) climate change mitigation. While the ESP3’s bilateral development programme is being phased out, it is also facilitating a transition to the Strategic Sector Cooperation (SSC) on Solid Waste Management and Circular Economy.
In general, the SSC is looking for practical examples of Circular Economy and Solid Waste Management that already work well in an Indonesian context and supports the aims of the Jakstranas. The SSC is looking for the preconditions and requirements that have to prevail for these “Best Practices” to work well and where/how there is a chance of fostering a replication of the “Best Practices” and who needs to be involved in concrete implementation.
To theoretically understand what is meant by “Best Practices” for implementing the Jakstranas, point of departure may be taken in the classic understanding of the waste hierarchy, and a search for practices that aim to support or provide incentives to the highest possible level of material resource efficiency.
Financially, institutionally, environmentally, technologically and socially sustainable practices that raise resource efficiency furthest possible from lower levels to higher levels in the waste hierarchy are considered “Best practices”. This may include practices that create a better waste management or successful attempts to upscale a practice, resulting in more resources being classified at a higher level in the waste hierarchy. A “Best Practice” will have to be scalable and replicable within a realistic financial and institutional scope and in an Indonesian context.
It is important to notice, however, that Jakstranas is focusing on reduction (including reduction in the waste amounts to landfill) and treatment of waste.
A “Best Practice” should be found within the framework of Circular Economy. It is important, and has to be argued, that scaling and/or replicating a “Best Practice” is supporting a more Circular Economy.